Eighty-six unique AMSJ authors were identified within the allotted time period. Thirty-one did not meet the inclusion criteria, the reasons for which are summarized in Table 1. The remaining 55 student authors were included in the analysis. Articles included 14 case reports, 17 original research, 21 review articles. The majority of papers (98.1%) were published in the second half of students’ graduation or the year after graduation. The authors came from 14 different universities (see Table 2). The gender of the students was not public information and was therefore not available.
PubMed® Indexed Citations
At the time of data collection, 37 of 55 (67%) student authors had subsequently produced PubMed indexed publications. There was an average of 4.35 (1–19) PubMed indexed publications per author. This was compared to control students with 24 of 110 (21%) obtaining PubMed® indexed citations with an average of 3.9 (1 to 36) publications per author. Univariate analysis demonstrated that AMSJ publication was associated with future PubMed® indexed publications (OR 3.43, 95% CI 1.74–6.77, P
Secondary outcome measures
Compared to controls, AMSJ authors were significantly more likely to obtain an advanced degree than controls (OR 4.05, 95% CI 1.99–8.22, P = 0.0001). Subgroup analysis showed that this association was significant for master’s degrees (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.50–7.30, P = 0.003), however, was not significant for graduate certificates, diplomas or doctorates. AMSJ authors were also significantly more likely to undertake surgical training (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.10-5.84, P = 0.029). There was no significant association with AMSJ posting and entry into general medicine, emergency medicine, or medical training. Additionally, there was no statistically significant association between AMSJ publication and future tenure as a professor (lecturer, researcher, or professor). These results are summarized in Table 2.
A multivariate conditional logistic regression model was created to account for potentially confounding variables. AMSJ authors were found to be more likely to obtain PubMed® indexed citations regardless of whether they obtained an advanced degree or a professorship (OR 2.56, CI 1.22–5.39, P = 0.01). As expected, obtaining a higher degree (OR 3.75, CI 1.71–8.22, P P = 0.004) were also independent predictors of the indexed PubMed® citation. These results are summarized in Table 4.